The doctor’s exam room can be an intimidating place when you’re sitting there in your hospital gown, all drafty in the back, and all. Sometimes just getting the feel for the sound of all those lab tests and what they might mean, may make the experience less overwhelming.
Today I go over several different groups, or panels, which screen your blood for signs of any problems.
Here are the cliff notes, if you want to see the numbers in writing:

Fasting blood sugar (FBS): 65-100 is normal. You may also see 110 as upper limit.
Random blood sugar (RBS): 100- 140. You may also see 160 as an upper limit… or even 180 in people who are have diabetes.
Hemoglobin A1C (also called glycosylated hemoglobin): 4.3-6.1 is normal.
All pregnant women should undergo a glucose tolerance test around 24 weeks gestation. Abnormally high glucose levels should be treated aggressively.

Symptoms of low blood sugar include: clamminess, shakiness, rapid heartbeat, anxiety, and eventually coma. Symptoms of high blood sugar include: increased thirst, frequent urination, extreme fatigue, weight loss, blurred vision, trouble concentrating, and severe headaches.

Urinalysis: sugar should be negative (if positive, your doctor will definitely check for diabetes and probably a UTI.
Protein should be negative. Positive protein could imply a problem with your kidneys. Ketones should be negative. The urine should be clear- cloudy could mean in infection and amber color could mean dehydration.
A chem 20 or metabolic panel includes:
potassium: 3.6- 5.1
sodium: 136 -145
if these 3 are high you could simply be dehydrated… If they are extremely high that could signal a possible kidney problem.

Carbon dioxide: less than 32. This measures how well your lungs are expelling air.

Blood urea nitrogen (BUN): less than 20
creatinine: less than 1.1
the two above labs measure kidney function.

Albumin: 3.5- 5.2 low indicates a sign of malnutrition. High values may mean kidney dysfunction.

Calcium: 8.9- 10.3
Alkaline phosphatase (ALT):10-35 this is a liver function test.

A CBC panel tests for infection. The most common value is:
white blood cell count (WBC): 4-11

lipid panel:
total cholesterol: less than 200
HDL: 40- 60
LDL: less than 90
LDL/HDL ratio: less stand 5.1

 As always, if you have any questions you may contact me on my contact page